Commercial construction includes the designing, renovating, and building of commercial structures. This includes designs, builds, renovations, and remodels. There are several forms of general construction: residential, state, federal, and commercial construction. Residential construction is the act of building any structure or that part of any structure used as a home, residence by one or more persons maintaining a typical household to the exclusion of all others. State and federal construction encompass building on a state or federally-owned land where developers and contractors compete for construction contracts by submitting bid proposals.
Not all commercial contractors and commercial builders are alike. You need to know precisely what you want when taking bids. The following is a look at the three most common types of projects and the differences between them:
New Commercial Construction
This type of project is pretty straightforward as it is exactly what it says; it’s the building of a new building from scratch—in other words, taking an empty lot and completing all the necessary work to create something like a car dealership. While simple in definition, this type of commercial project is the most complex in planning, hiring, and completing.
There are a lot of steps to undertake when undergoing new commercial construction. The following are the five broad phases that you’ll undertake:
- Hire the primary architect.
- Choose from the available commercial builders or industrial builders.
- Tender contracts and documents.
- Construction process and tandem certification.
- Commission and final handover
If you are looking to hire one company for all of these phases, you will need commercial construction contractors who advertise themselves as full-on design-build contractors. This designation notes that they have both the architects to design construction and the resources and team to see that design through a completed build.
A commercial renovation project is a project that seeks to restore or repair an existing construction. Generally, this type of construction makes the old structure look new again.
Renovations are generally undertaken for one of two reasons:
- To enhance the look and functionality of space for those within.
- To increase the resale value for an upcoming sale.
Good examples of industrial and commercial renovation projects include:
- Installing new light fixtures while simultaneously replacing or upgrading any outdated and inefficient, or even dangerous electrical system.
- Replacing or repairing exterior bricks or siding where it’s been worn and threatens the aesthetics and structural integrity of the building.
- Replacing linoleum tiles with more durable and higher-valued porcelain tiles or ripping up post-construction linoleum to restore the underlying wooden flooring.
Commercial remodeling is a project that goes beyond simply changing the drapes in an office building. At least when it comes to what a general commercial contractor expects and will deliver upon a project. Generally defined, a commercial remodeling project is a project undertaken that will permanently alter an existing structure’s interior, exterior, or both.
A few examples of commercial remodeling-type projects include:
- To combine multiple rooms into one space by removing a wall or other barrier or partition structure.
- Adding to the interior or exterior of a building; such as creating multiple rooms from one ample existing space or adding an inside garden.
- Fully transforming the structure or layout of commercial space.
What is the Construction Bidding Process?
A construction bid is a process of providing a potential customer with a proposal to build or manage the building of a structure. It’s also the process through which subcontractors pitch their services to general contractors.
Initially, general contractors send bid invitations to subcontractors, who in return receive a bid package that outlines the scope of work. Subcontractors download bid documents/proposals and review the project information based on their cost codes, after which subcontractors submit their bid to the general contractor.
Weather and time are also considered, as they can be two of the most expensive elements in the budget.
In one such scenario, if a winter storm hits Minnesota and stops production, this can add more time and costs to a project.
In the end, while there is value in hiring a general commercial contractor who specializes in one of the above types of projects, it is also a good idea to look for commercial contractors who have experience in all three. The more experience a contractor has, the better they can assist you in determining what best suits your construction goals.
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